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時間:2015-09-29 09:50 點擊次數:

PP Production Proveout 生產驗證

TTO Tool Try-Out 工裝設備試運行

(J1) Job 1 整車投產

DFMEA Design Failure Mode Effects Analysis 故障模式影響分析設計

DVP Design Verification Plan 設計驗證計劃

DVP&R Design Verification Plan & Report 設計驗證計劃和結果

FMEA Failure Mode Effects Analysis 故障模式影響分析

FPDS Ford Product Development System 福特產品開發系統

GYR Green-Yellow-Red 綠-黃-紅

MRD Material Required Date 物料要求到廠日


TKO Tooling-Kick-Off 工裝啟動

OEM original Equipment Manufacturer 設備最初制造廠

FtF/F2F Face To Face 面對面會議

PV Production Validation 產品驗證

OTS Off-Tooling-Sample 完全工裝樣件

QOS Quality Operating System 質量運作體系

TS-16949 Technical Specification – 16949 技術規范-16949

APQP Advanced Product Quality Planning 先期產品質量計劃

IPD In Plant Date 進廠日

PPM Parts per Million (applied to defective Supplier parts) 零件的百萬分比率(適用于供應商不合格零件)

PPAP Production Part Approval Process 生產件批準程序

Pre-PV Pre -Production Validation 產品預先驗證


1PP- First Phase of Production Prove-Out 第一次試生產

3C Customer(顧客導向)、Competition(競爭導向)、Competence(專長導向)

4S Sale, Sparepart零配件, Service, Survey信息反饋

5S 整理,整頓,清理,清潔,素養

8D- 8 Discipline

ABS Anti-lock Braking System

AIAG 美國汽車聯合會

ANPQP Alliance New Product Quality Procedure

Apportionment 分配

APQP Advanced Product Quality Plan

Backlite Windshield 后窗玻璃

Benchmark Data 樣件資料

bloodshot adj.充血的, 有血絲的

BMW Bavarian Motor Works

C.P.M Certified Purchasing manger 認證采購經理人制度

CB- Confirmation Build 確認樣車制造

CC- Change CutOff 設計變更凍結

CC\SC- critical/significant characteristic

CCR Concern & Countermeasure Request

CCT Cross Company Team

Characteristics Matrix 特性矩陣圖

COD Cash on Delivery 貨到付現 預付貨款(T/T in advance)

CP1- Confirmation Prototype 1st 第一次確認樣車

CP2- Confirmation Prototype 2nd 第二次確認樣車

Cpk 過程能力指數Cpk=Zmin/3

CPO Complementary Parts order

Craftsmanship 精致工藝

Cross-functional teams 跨功能小組

CUV Car-Based Ultility Vehicle









DCC Design Change Control

DFA- Design For Assembly 面向裝配的設計

DOE Design Of Examination試驗設計

DQES Delivery Quality Evaluation System

DTL Direct To Line

DVP&R Design Validate Plan&Report設計驗證計劃報告

EDI electronic data interchange 電子數據交換

entire adj. 全部的, 完整的, 整個

ERP Enterprise Resource Planning

ES Engineering Specification工程規格

ESI Early Supplier Involvement 供應商先期參與


FEU- Field Evaluation Units 用戶市場實際體驗與評估

first gear 一檔

Flow Chart 流程圖

FMEA Failure Mode and Effects Analysis

four-wheel drive 四輪驅動

FRG- Ford Reliability Guideline 福特可靠性指導

Front Windshield 前擋風玻璃

Tempered glass 鋼化玻璃

front-wheel drive 前輪驅動

FSS- Full service supplier 全服務供應商

FTA Fault Tree Analysis

GD&T- Geometric Dimensioning & Tolerancing 標準公差

GR&R Guage Repeatability&reproducibility量具的重復性和再現性

grief-stricken adj. 極度憂傷的

heavy rain 大雨

high wind n.疾風

HTFB- Hard Tooling Functional Build 工裝集成調試與驗證

IPO Individual Parts order

ISIR Initial Sample Inspection Report

JIT Just In Time

KD- knocked down/ Semi Knock Down(SKD) /Completely Knock Down(CKD)

KO Kick-off

Laminated glass 夾層玻璃

LP-Lean Production 精益生產

LR Launch Readiness

LS Launch Support

LVPM Local Vendor Packaging Method

MPV Multi-PurposeVehicle 多用途汽車

MRD Material Required Date

MRO Maintenance,Repair,and Operation

MTP- Make to print supplier 照圖加工供應商

N/A- Not Applicable

NCDR Non-Conforming Delivery Report

NCMAR Non-Conforming Material Action Report

NDA Non Disclosure Agreement 保密協定

NDS Nissan Design Specification

NML Nissan Motor Ltd

NVH- System Noise, Vibration & Harshness 系統噪音,振動及粗糙性

onetime adj.過去的,從前的

OSM- Outside of Material

OTC Over The Counter 非處方藥,可在柜臺上賣的藥

PA Program Approval

pallet n. 托盤

Passenger Vehicle 乘用車

PAT- Program Attributes Team 產品屬性小組

PDL Product Design Letter

PH Proportions&Hardpoints

PIPC- Percentage of Indexes with Process Capability 能力指數百分比

PIST- Percentage of Inspection points Satisfying Tolerance 檢測點滿意工差百分比

PMT- Program Moudle Team 產品模塊小組

PO Purchase order

PPAP- Production Part Approval Process 生產件批準程序

PPSR Production Preparation Status Report

PQA Process Quality Assurance

PR Program Readiness

Pre-Launch 試生產

price-driven costing 價格引導成本

Production Preparation-Final Nissan - PT2/Renault - PP

Production Preparation-Initial Nissan - PT1/Renault - PPP3

Production Trial Run 試生產

Prototype 樣件

QFD Quality Funtion Deploy質量功能展開

QFTT Quality Functional Task Team

QR- Quality Reject 質量拒收

QS Quality Standard

RAN Release Authorisation Number

reverse 倒車檔

RFQ Request For Quotation詢價

RKD Reverse Knock Down

RLQ Receiving Lot Quantity

ROC Rate of Climb

ROI return on investment 報酬率

ROP Re-Order Point

RTO Required To Operate

SAIS Supplier Assessment & Improvement System

SC Strategic Confirmation/significant Charac'teristics

SDS- System/ Design Specifications 系統/設計說明

second gear 二檔


Shipping Date 出貨日、Invoice Date 發票日或On Board Date 裝船日

Side Windshield 側窗玻璃

SJ Strategic Intent

SNP Standard Number of Parts

SOW- state of work 工作申明

SPC Statistical Process Control

SQA Supplier Quality Assurance

SREA- Supplier Request for Engineering Approval 供應商工程設計更改申請

ST Surface Tranfer

STRS Supplier Test Report System

Subcontractor 分承包商

Sunroof Windshield 天窗玻璃

SUV Sports Utility Vehicle

TAG Test Aptitude Graphique

TCO Total Cost of Ownership 總持有成本

TCRA Total Cost Reduction Activity

TGR Things Gone Right

TGW Things Gone Worst

TM Techinical Manual

TPM Total Preventive Maintenance

TTO-Tool Try Out 工裝驗證

UOM Unit Of Measure

VES Vehicle Evaluation System

VO- Vehicle Operation 主機廠

VPP- Vehicle Program Plan 整車項目計劃

VQA Vehicle Quality Assurance

VTTO- Vendor Tool Try-Out 供應商工裝驗證

WERS- World Wide Engineering Release System

WVTA Whole Vehicle Type Approval

凹坑 concave

車床 lathe

抽查試驗spot check test

出廠試驗delivery test

次品defective product

調幅amplitude modulation (AM)

調頻 Frequency Modulation

斷差 offset

對講機 interphone

法平面normal plane


返工 re-doing

防滑地板 no-skid floor


副作用side effect

改裝廠 refitting factory

隔熱板heat shield

后圍側板 rear wall side cover

劃痕 scratch


間隙 interstice

節點pitch point



汽車總布置草圖sketch for automobile layout

汽車總裝配圖automobile assembly drawing

汽油供給管gasoline feed pipe

汽油箱gasoline tank( petrol tank)

前圍角板 front wall angle cover

輕型客車light bus


三類底盤 three type chassis

上模upper die

甚高頻very high frequency (VHF)

下模bottom die(counter die)


選料上乘、做工精細be superior in material and excelllent in workmanship

儀表板 dash board


褶皺 crimple

整車運輸transportation of truck-load

總裝 final assembly


最大扭矩轉速speed at maximum torque

左對齊left justify


皮紋 grain

OTS OFF TOOL SAMPLE 用批量生產的工模器具制造出的樣件

PVS Produktions Versuchs Serie 批量試生產

TMA Trial Manufacturing Agreement

2TP 兩日試生產,主要是驗證供應商的批量供貨能力

OS 零批量,是批量生產前的總演習,批產的全面驗證

SOP Standard Operation 即批量生產 Start-Of-Production Standard Operating Procedure 標準操作程序

QSV Qualitaes-Sicherungs-Vereinbarung 質量保證協議

BMG Bau-Muster-Genehmigung 產品工程樣件性能檢驗認可

Nullserie 零批量

QSR 質量體系要求

Bias 偏差

DB Durability Build 樣車階段

lead time n.訂貨至交貨的時間

sink mark 縮痕

LRR launch readiness review

Front bumper 前保險杠

Rear bumper 后保險杠

Radiator grille 格柵

Headlamp 前大燈

Tail lamp-liftgate 尾燈-行李箱蓋上

Tail lamp-quarter 尾燈-后側圍上

Front door trim panel 前門內飾板

Rear door trim panel 后門內飾板

Interior release handle bezel 內開手把手框

Power controls bezel 電動車窗開關框

Window interior capping 窗框飾條

Exterior mirror 外后視鏡

Body side moulding 防擦條

Cowl grille 通風格柵

Roof molding 車頂裝飾條

Lift gate molding 牌照板支架

Lift gate handle 行李箱蓋拉手

Weather strip_door openings 門框膠條

Weather strip_liftgate 行李箱膠條

A Pillar Trim A柱

B Pillar Trim upper B柱上

B Pillar Trim lower B柱下

Front scuff Plate 前門檻條

Rear scuff plate 后門檻條

Back panel trim lower 行李箱門檻條

Garnish trim-Quarter window

Cowl trim panel A柱下

Liftgate upper trim 尾門內飾板上

Liftgate side trim 尾門內飾板中

Liftgate lower trim 尾門內飾板下


Defroster panel 除霜蓋板

Console 中控臺

Steering column cover 方向機柱上下蓋板

Cluster 組合儀表

Carpet 前地毯

Trunk carpet 后地毯

Front seat 前座椅

2nd row seat 第二排座椅

burr(金屬) flash(塑件)毛邊

gap 間隙

defective products 不良品

finished products 成品

disposed products 處理品

band-aid 創可貼

scratch 刮傷

dents 壓痕

縮水 Shrinkage

縮水 Sink Mark

頂白 Stress Mark

YC (Potential Critical Characteristic) 潛在關鍵特性

YS (Potential Significant Characteristic) 潛在重要特性

Restriction of Hazardous Substances 簡稱RoHS SGS, BV, TUV, Intertek, ETC BV-Bureau Veritas 法國國際檢驗局

首檢 First article inspection

自檢 Self-inspection

全檢 100% inspection

巡檢 process audit

開箱檢驗 out of box audit

出貨檢驗 out-going inspection

進貨檢驗 in-coming inspection

例行檢驗 Routine checking

確認檢驗 Confirming

全尺寸檢驗 full dimension inspection

可靠性試驗 Reliability test

在線檢驗 on-line inspection

線下檢驗 off-line inspection

1號廠房工藝布置方案圖 proposal of the Plant I layout

2 套 two kits

J型轉彎試驗 test of J turn

保險杠 bumper

變光開關 simmer switch

薄殼式結構 shell construction

操舵力試驗 steering effort test

長途客車 inter-city bus

車輛轉移臺 bus transfer

襯墊 pad

除濕器 moisture ejector

搭接 lap

怠速時 at idle

底盤平移臺 chassis shuttle

吊運裝置 overhead hoist

鍍鋅板 galvanized plate

發車前準備 pre-delivery

發動機托架 engine holding frame

發動機中置式客車 bus with under floor engine

反沖試驗 kick-back test

返工 re-doing

防滑地板 no-skid floor

防破壞 vandal resistant

風洞試驗 wind tunnel test

改裝廠 refitting factory

鋼化玻璃 toughened grass

擱梁 shelf beam

更衣室 restroom

工位 station

功率突然變化影響試驗 test of effect of sudden power change

合籠 mate

恒溫控制 thermostatic control

橫風穩定性試驗 test of crosswind stability

后圍側板 rear wall side cover

互換性 interchangeability

極限側向加速度試驗 limiting lateral acceleration test

階路響應時間試驗 step response test

結構完整性 structure integrity

靜態操舵力試驗 static steering effort test

舉升 hoist

聚碳化透鏡 poly-carbonate len

空氣導流板 air deflector

寬敞懸臂式座椅 roomy cantilevered seat

亮麗的外表 smart apperance

磷化 phosphating

輪胎爆破響應時間試驗 test of burst response of tyre

輪輞錯動試驗 rim slip test

輪椅升降機 Wheel chair lift

輪罩護板 wheel house


脈沖響應試驗 pulse response test

內飾 trim

耐翻傾試驗 test of overturning immunity


爬坡能力 grade ability

排水閥 drain valve

配電站 power transformer substation

拼裝臺 collector

頻率響應時間試驗 frequency response test

平衡水箱 surge tank

汽車平順性單脈沖輸入行駛試驗 automobile ride single pulse input running test

汽車平順性隨機輸入行駛試驗 automobile ride random input running test

汽車懸掛系統固有頻率與阻尼比的測定試驗 measurement of natural frequency and damping raito of suspension

前圍角板 front wall angle cover

嵌條 insertion strip

強制通風 ram-air ventilation

切割輪口 wheel -arch cutting

切齊 trimming

琴式驅動橋 banjo type drive axle

全天候空調系統 full range A/C

裙板 skirt

繞過障礙物試驗 obstacle avoidance test

三類底盤 three type chassis

收油門后控制試驗 test of control at breakway

輸出馬力shaft horsepower

水洼 ponding

瞬態響應時間試驗 transient response test

隨車工具 tool box

梭梁 stabilizing beam

縮微圖紙 microfiche files

停機時間 downtime

通風口 duct

圖例 legend

無公害柴油 clean diesel

線束 harness

消音器 muffler

小批量產品 be pilot

斜撐 bracing piece

懸架舉升試驗 jack-up test of suspension

壓條 trim strip

腰帶式安全帶 diagonal safety belt

腰梁 waist rail

儀表板 dash board

移線試驗 lane change test

異形鋼管 special steel pipe

翼板 fender

隱藏式固定 concealed fastening

遮陽板 sun visor

診斷報警系統 diagnosis and alarming system

織物紋里鋁合金 textured aluminum extrution

制動穩定性試驗 test of braking stability

中涂 floating coat

轉向盤回正性試驗 test of steering wheel returnability

轉向盤轉角階躍輸入試驗 steering wheel step input or transient state yaw response test

轉向盤轉角脈沖試驗 steering wheel impulse input test

自動愈合的防腐材料 self-healing corrosion preventative material

總馬力gross horse power

總裝 final assembly

組合式客車車身 modular bus body

最小轉彎直徑試驗 minimum turning diameter test

左側圍應力蒙皮 R/S stretching skin (road side)



內燃機intenal combusiton engine

動力機裝置power unit

汽油機gasoline engine

汽油噴射式汽油機gasoline-injection engine

火花點火式發動機spark ignition engine

壓燃式發動機compression ignition engine

往復式內燃機reciprocating internal combustion engine

化油器式發動機carburetor engine

柴油機diesel engine

轉子發動機rotary engine

旋輪線轉子發動機rotary trochoidal engine

二沖程發動機two-stroke engine

四沖程發動機four-stroke engine

直接噴射式柴油機direct injection engine

間接噴射式柴油機indirect injection engine

增壓式發動機supercharged engine

風冷式發動機air-cooled engine

油冷式發動機oil-cooled engine

水冷式發動機water-cooled engine

自然進氣式發動機naturally aspirated engine

煤氣機gas engine

液化石油氣發動機liquified petroleum gas engine

柴油煤氣機diesel gas engine

多種燃料發動機multifuel engine

石油發動機hydrocarbon engine

雙燃料發動機duel fuel engine

熱球式發動機hot bulb engine

多氣缸發動機multiple cylinder engine

對置活塞發動機opposed piston engine

對置氣缸式發動機opposed-cylinder engine

十字頭型發動機cross head engine

直列式發動機in-line engine

星型發動機radial engine

筒狀活塞發動機trunk-piston engine

斯特林發動機stirling engine

套閥式發動機knight engine

氣孔掃氣式發動機port-scavenged engine

傾斜式發動機slant engine



中置式發動機central engine

左側發動機left-hand engine

右側發動機right-hand engine

短沖程發動機oversquare engine

長沖程發動機undersquare engine

等徑程發動機square engine

頂置凸輪軸發動機overhead camshaft engine

雙頂置凸輪軸發動機dual overhead camshaft engine


頂置氣門發動機valve in-head engine

側置氣門發動機side valve engine

無氣門發動機valveless engine

多氣門發動機multi-valve engine

臥式發動機horizontal engine

斜置式發動機inclined engine

立式發動機vertical engine






二沖程循環two-stroke cycle

四沖程循環four-stroke cycle

狄塞爾循環diesel cycle

奧托循環otto cycle

混合循環mixed cycle

定容循環constant volume cycle

工作循環working cycle

等壓循環constant pressure cycle

理想循環ideal cycle

熱力循環thermodynamic cycle


活塞行程piston stroke

長行程long stroke

上行程up stroke

下行程down stroke

進氣行程intake stroke

充氣行程charging stroke

壓縮行程compression stroke

爆炸行程explosion stroke

膨脹行程expansion stroke

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